The activity report related to children with intellectual disability in Thailand

Reporting day: 2020/06/23
Reporter: Yuko Noguchi

My name is Yuko Noguchi. I am a member of JC-GSHR office.
I took part in internship program in Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Thailand Office in February 2020. In Thailand, there are three institutions under the Department of Empowerment of Person with Disabilities that accept children aged 7 to 18 with intellectual disabilities. Taking this opportunity, I visited two out of these three institutions, a self-help group, Asia Pacific Development Center on Disability (APCD) and Rajanukul Institute to learn about the state of people with intellectual disabilities including children with intellectual disabilities living in institutions in Thailand.

Through interviews to staffs working in institutions, I found that about half of residents were aged over 18 years due to no place to go to although nearly 40% of them had capability of doing daily living activity themselves. The Thai government enact laws to requires private company and public organization to hire one person with disability in every 100 employees. However, few chances of getting job to residents in institution for intellectual disability. The difficulty of receiving social support and getting hired in a company may prevent them from leaving the institution and living in the society.