Activity
Activities Overseas

Publication of Ecohealth education in Lao PDR

Reporting day:  2020/ 10 / 01/    (Year)(Month)(Day)
Reporter: Sachi Tomokawa
 
A study on” Introducing Ecohealth education in a Teacher Training Institute in Lao PDR: a case study" was accepted.
This paper argues the effectiveness of Ecohealth education for improving the quality of health and environmental education and for achieving sustainable development in developing countries.

To illustrate the need for Ecohealth education, we review the transitions in health education, environmental education and Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) in various developing countries.
Moreover, we discuss issues relating to these disciplines and consider the possible roles that Ecohealth education can play.
Then, drawing on a case study conducted in Lao PDR, we propose a concrete example of the teaching content of Ecohealth education.

We conclude that Ecohealth education can embody the concepts of ESD with respect to health and environmental issues, and thus can contribute to improvements in the quality of health and environmental education, and of ESD. In addition, we propose the following five actions for implementing Ecohealth education in developing countries:
(i) promote research based on the approaches of public health and anthropology, and develop teaching materials that use the research results,
(ii) empower school-aged children,
(iii) encourage the active involvement and sharing of problems among communities,
(iv) strengthen participatory teaching and learning methodology and
(v) build a training system and train relevant teachers.


Introducing Ecohealth education in a Teacher Training Institute in Lao PDR: a case study
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32911534/
 

Publication of Ecohealth education in Lao PDR

Reporting day:  2020/ 10 / 01/    (Year)(Month)(Day)
Reporter: Sachi Tomokawa
 
A study on” Introducing Ecohealth education in a Teacher Training Institute in Lao PDR: a case study" was accepted.
This paper argues the effectiveness of Ecohealth education for improving the quality of health and environmental education and for achieving sustainable development in developing countries.

To illustrate the need for Ecohealth education, we review the transitions in health education, environmental education and Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) in various developing countries.
Moreover, we discuss issues relating to these disciplines and consider the possible roles that Ecohealth education can play.
Then, drawing on a case study conducted in Lao PDR, we propose a concrete example of the teaching content of Ecohealth education.

We conclude that Ecohealth education can embody the concepts of ESD with respect to health and environmental issues, and thus can contribute to improvements in the quality of health and environmental education, and of ESD. In addition, we propose the following five actions for implementing Ecohealth education in developing countries:
(i) promote research based on the approaches of public health and anthropology, and develop teaching materials that use the research results,
(ii) empower school-aged children,
(iii) encourage the active involvement and sharing of problems among communities,
(iv) strengthen participatory teaching and learning methodology and
(v) build a training system and train relevant teachers.


Introducing Ecohealth education in a Teacher Training Institute in Lao PDR: a case study
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32911534/
 

Report on School Health Education Program(SHEP) activities in Ghana 

Reporting day:  2020/ 09 / 10/    (Year)(Month)(Day)
Reporter: Marie Ueno

My name is Marie Ueno. I am a member of the JC-GSHR office. I have lived in Ghana from 2017 to 2019 as a Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteer. I was dispatched as a school health volunteer to Ada East district Education Office in Greater Accra region, Ghana.
 
I cooperated with the School Health Education Program(SHEP) coordinator to promote school health activities at schools in the district. One of the activities I focused on was making a “health song” in their local language. While I went around schools, I felt that they struggled with the lack of health education among children, teachers, and parents. My co-worker and I decided to create health songs related to the local’s daily life that provide them with knowledge and technical skills.
 
We wrote 8 songs that highlight important health topics, including personal hygiene, hand washing, clean environment, water sanitation, prevention of Malaria, nutrition, dental health, first aid and so on. After composing the songs, we made them into books and distributed them to every school in the district. 
 
After the distribution, many teachers used the book as teaching material to teach children about each health during the morning assembly. In addition to this, I found that one of the teachers made good use of the health songs book. She used the book as teaching material in the local language class. Thus, I realized that even if there is not enough time to introduce health education in the curium, we can create more opportunities for children to learn about health and hygiene.

    
Health Songs book                                        Hand washing / Food Handling song

   
Health education in elementary school                               Health talk at local radio station
 

Health sons book used as a teaching material in local language class

 

Why are there so few bullies in Indonesia?

Reporting day: 2020/08/13/  
Reporter: Jun Kobayashi

At present, the increasing the number of suicides in adolescents is a global public health issue. The number of suicides in adults has been decreasing in Japan, while it is increasing in adolescence. As one of the reasons behind this, the problem of bullying cannot be ignored. Furthermore, it can be said that the problem of “Cyber bullying” is becoming more serious problem together qualitatively quantitatively.

On the other hand, the lower suicide rates is shown in Indonesia. Moreover, bulling case was the lower number among Southeast Asian countries according to the Global School-Based Survey. A team of Department of Global Health, University of the Ryukyus, Japan and School of Medicine, Mataram University in Lombok, Indonesia, started a study to clarify the question; "Why does Indonesian have so much bullying?",

As a result of this study, it was found that the curriculum includes religious education and moral education that respects multi-ethnic and other religions, which effectively prevents bullying. Furthermore, it was suggested that cultural event in school as extracurricular activities also had an effect as extracurricular activities.

We believe that these results will be useful for formulating the strategy to prevent bulling among countries such as Japan, where bullying is becoming more serious.
 This manuscript is in review process in “Special Issue in Pediatrics International; School Health Promotion in Japan and Its Contribution to Asia and Africa”

 

 

Presented at International Conference NUTRITION 2020

Reporting day: 2020/07/01/  
Reporter: Yuko Teshima

My name is Yuko Teshima. I am a member of JC-GSHR office.
 
The other day, I presented my master's research at NUTRITION 2020, an international conference sponsored by the American Society for Nutrition. This conference was scheduled to be held in Seattle, the USA in June of this year, but due to the influence of Covid-19, it was suddenly held online.
 
Secondary data analysis was conducted in 58 low- and middle-income countries between 2006 and 2018, comprising 692,704 children under five years old by using the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS). I estimated the changes in the dual burden of malnutrition at the individual level and its socioeconomic inequality index.
 
The double burden of malnutrition (DBM) is a major public health problem in the world. DBM refers to the situation where undernutrition and overnutrition are present in the same place. After "Nutrition Transition" was first proposed in 1993, the global nutrition situation has been problematic and many low- and middle-income countries focused on overnutrition and undernutrition.
 
According to a policy brief of the World Health Organization (WHO), DBM can manifest at three levels. The first level is the population level. The second one is the household level. And the last one is the individual level, which is my research target population.
 
I am currently working hard to submit this paper.
You can see the abstract here.
https://academic.oup.com/cdn/article/4/Supplement_2/915/5845940
 
 

The activity report related to children with intellectual disability in Thailand

Reporting day: 2020/06/23
Reporter: Yuko Noguchi

My name is Yuko Noguchi. I am a member of JC-GSHR office.
 
I took part in internship program in Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Thailand Office in February 2020. In Thailand, there are three institutions under the Department of Empowerment of Person with Disabilities that accept children aged 7 to 18 with intellectual disabilities. Taking this opportunity, I visited two out of these three institutions, a self-help group, Asia Pacific Development Center on Disability (APCD) and Rajanukul Institute to learn about the state of people with intellectual disabilities including children with intellectual disabilities living in institutions in Thailand.

Through interviews to staffs working in institutions, I found that about half of residents were aged over 18 years due to no place to go to although nearly 40% of them had capability of doing daily living activity themselves. The Thai government enact laws to requires private company and public organization to hire one person with disability in every 100 employees. However, few chances of getting job to residents in institution for intellectual disability. The difficulty of receiving social support and getting hired in a company may prevent them from leaving the institution and living in the society.



  

The School health activities in Burkina Faso

Reporting day: 2020 / 05 / 24 / 
Reporter: Fumiko Shibuya


I am Fumiko Shibuya, a master's degree student from The University of Ryukyu and a member of JC-GSHR.
 
I worked at a Catholic girls’ school in Burkina Faso as a JICA volunteer. I taught sexuality education (menstruation, sex infection etc.) and malaria prevention to the students with my counterpart teacher. Also, I taught nutrition to keep weight and washing hands to prevent infections. I made health materials for health lecture with my counterpart to teach by his self and did hand health room manage over to headteacher.
 
I think that It was difficult to teach sexuality education in developing countries because of the strong background culture, society, and religion. There were young pregnancy and sex infections. However, I couldn’t teach enough to prevent these accompanied by these backgrounds. In such cases, I think it is essential to teach preventive education to students and improve the school health system.
 
I am going to research sexuality education in developing countries at The University of Ryukyu. Through my research, I would like to improve the school health system by making some issues and my questions clear.
 
  

  

 

Publicatoin: TB education in the Kathmandu valley of Nepal

Reporting day:2020/4/28/
Reporter:Kigawa, M.

The research conducted in 2019 was published as a paper.
Gopali, RS., Maharjan, B., Kigawa, M.. (2020). Expert Consensus on the Essential Preventive Knowledge of Tuberculosis for High School Students, Kathmandu, Nepal. Biomed J Sci & Tech Res 26(2), 19849-19857. BJSTR. MS.ID.004332. DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2020.26.004332
https://biomedres.us/pdfs/BJSTR.MS.ID.004332.pdf

Nepal is one of the high TB prevalent countries in the world. It has various problem about TB control such as preventive education, medical examination, treatment and their maintenance of motivation. On the other hand, it is known that students can play a major role in promoting health education in the community. Therefore, I thought that high school students could play a similar role in TB control. However, the priority of education items for TB control varies depending on the specialized area of the experts involved. In addition, high school students need to acquire various knowledge, and knowledge of tuberculosis, which is only one item of health education that is not directly related to grades, may be a low priority for them. Therefore, this study was conducted to collect opinions on priorities of experts in various fields.
In the future, based on the knowledge obtained here, we would like to study teaching materials and measures for disseminating knowledge.

JC-GSHR/Osaka University UNESCO Chair Conducting Joint Research on School Health with Asian Experts

Reporting day: March 31st, 2000
Author:Rie Ogasawara(Osaka University UNESCO-Chair) & Elli Sugita(Department of Human Sciences, Osaka University)

  JC-GSHR became a partner organization of the Osaka University UNESCO Chair “Global Health and Education.” We are building a network of experts on school health in Asia. Professor Jun Kobayashi, the chairman of JC-GSHR, was appointed as a member of the steering committee for the Osaka University UNESCO Chair. The kick-off symposium for the Osaka University UNESCO Chair was held on May 10th, 2019, at the Suita campus of Osaka University where many of the JC-GSHR members, including Professor Kobayashi, attended.
 
JC-GSHR/Osaka University UNESCO Chair are conducting a joint research project on school health in Asian countries. We have so far conducted two international workshops on May 10th~11th and September 16th, 2019 in Osaka, inviting experts from the Philippines, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Nepal, Korea, China, and Japan. At the workshops, we shared information on school health policies and implementations from each country, and discussed the differences and similarities in their approaches.   
This research is on-going through the collaboration of JC-GSHR members and their counterparts in each country.
 
 ※More on the Osaka University UNESCO Chair: http://ou-unescochair-ghe.org/en/


Kick-off Symposium for Osaka University UNESCO Chair on May 10th, 2019


Workshop on School Health with the Experts from Asian Countries

Publication of a research paper on the implementation of Kenyan school health


Reporting day: 2020/03/13
Reporter: Takeshi Akiyama (Associate Professor, Department of Health Science, Nagano College of Nursing) 

We published an article on the implementation and effect of the Kenyan school health program among primary schools (https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/daaa005). This project was one of the activities of the JICA Partnership Program, which was implemented by Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University between 2012 and 2017, with the cooperation of Kenya Medical Research Institute, the Ministry of Education, and the Ministry of Health of Kenya. The project put the country’s school health program into operation among the primary schools around Mbita town, Western Kenya. The article reported the improvement among schools between the years 2013 and 2016. Furthermore, we examine a significant relationship between the students’ academic performance and the situation of school health.